John Deere 318

John Deere 318The John Deere 318 is a 2WD lawn and garden tractor from the 300 series. This tractor was manufactured by John Deere in Horicon, Wisconsin, USA from 1983 to 1992. The John Deere 318 is equipped with one of two engines: Onan B43G (0.7 L) or Onan P218G (0.8 L) and shaft-driven hydrostatic transmission with infinite forward and reverse gears.

The John Deere 318 lawn tractor used the Onan B43G (early version) or Onan P218G (later version).

The Onan B43G is a 0.7 L, 710 cm2, (43.3 cu·in) two-cylinders gasoline engine with 82.55 mm (3.25 in) of cylinder bore and 66.0 mm (2.6 in) of piston stroke. The compression ratio rating is 6.5:1. This engine produced 18.2 PS (13.4 kW; 18 HP) at 3,600 rpm of maximum output power.

The Onan P218G is a 0.8 L, 782 cm2, (47.7 cu·in) two-cylinders gasoline engine with 82.55 mm (3.25 in) of cylinder bore and 73.0 mm (2.87 in) of piston stroke. The compression ratio rating is 7.0:1. This engine produced 18.2 PS (13.4 kW; 18 HP) at 3,600 rpm of maximum output power. Both engines used a full pressure lubrication system, a dry-type air cleaner with pre-cleaner, pulse type fuel pump and fixed jet carburetor.

The JD 318 is equipped with hydrostatic power steering, shoe and drum brakes on rear wheels, open operator station and 17.0 liters (4.5 US gal.; 3.7 Imp. gal) fuel tank.

Following attachments are available for the John Deere 318 lawn and garden tractor:

  • John Deere BM16600: mid-mount 38 in (960 mm) 2-blade mower deck with hydraulic lift
  • John Deere M00595: mid-mount 46 in (1,160 mm) 3-blade mower deck with hydraulic lift
  • John Deere BM16377: mid-mount 50 in (1,270 mm) 3-blade mower deck with hydraulic lift
  • John Deere 0611M: front-mount 54 in (1,370 mm) blade
  • John Deere 49 0603M: front-mount 46 in (1,160 mm) single-stage snowblower with hydraulic lift
  • John Deere 47 2752M: front-mount 47 in (1,190 mm) dual-stage snowblower with hydraulic lift
  • John Deere 44 loader

John Deere 318 Specifications

General Specifications
Model John Deere 318
Length 1,730 mm (68.1 in)
Width 1,100 mm (43.3 in)
Height 1,130 mm (44.5 in)
Wheel base 1,170 mm (46.1 in)
Weight (net) 354 kg (780 lbs)
Fuel tank capacity 17.0 liters (4.5 US gal.; 3.7 Imp. gal)
Battery 12V BCI Group 22F
Cabin type Open operator station
Engine
Engine model Onan B43G
Engine type Four-stroke, air-cooled, inline
Cylinders 2
Fuel type Gasoline
Displacement 0.7 L, 710 cm2, (43.3 cu·in)
Bore and stroke 82.55 mm X 66.0 mm (3.25 in X 2.6 in)
Compression ratio 6.5:1
Horsepower 18.2 PS (13.4 kW; 18 HP) at 3,600 rpm
Torque 43 N·m (4.4 kg·m, 31.7 ft·lb)
Starter Electric
Oil capacity: 1.4 L (1.48 US. qt, 1.23 Imp. qt.)
Spark plug NGK BPR5EF, Champion RS14YC
Engine
Engine model Onan P218G
Engine type Four-stroke, air-cooled, inline
Cylinders 2
Fuel type Gasoline
Displacement 0.8 L, 782 cm2, (47.7 cu·in)
Bore and stroke 82.55 mm X 73.0 mm (3.25 in X 2.87 in)
Compression ratio 7.0:1
Horsepower 18.2 PS (13.4 kW; 18 HP) at 3,600 rpm
Torque 43 N·m (4.4 kg·m, 31.7 ft·lb)
Starter Electric
Oil capacity: 1.4 L (1.48 US. qt, 1.23 Imp. qt.)
Spark plug NGK BPR5EF, Champion RS14YC
Transmission and chassis
Chassis 4×2 2WD
Steering type Hydrostatic power
Brakes Shoe and drum on rear wheels
Transmission model Sundstrand Series 15 Model 90
Transmission type Shaft-driven hydrostatic
Gears Infinite forward and reverse
Speed Forward: 12.4 kmh (7.7 mph) Reverse: 6.2 (3.9 mph)
Transmission oil capacity 7.1 L (7.5 US. qt, 6.25 Imp. qt.)
Tires
Front tires Lawn/turf: 16×6.50-8
Rear tires Lawn/turf: 23×10.50-12; 23×8.50-12
PTO (Power take-off shaft)
Front PTO type Independent with electric clutch
Front PTO spped 3,450 rpm
Rear PTO type Independent with electric clutch (option)
Rear PTO spped 2,000 rpm